Saturday, December 10, 2016

PRE HISTORIC NUCLEAR WAR?


Was such a thing even possible, when nuclear technology is so new that it has yet to penetrate around the globe in our times? When the smallest malfunction in equipment or process wrecks total havoc, last seen at Fukushima in 2011.
Researchers examining Vyas’  Mahabharat, Vedic and Jain scriptures  often agree with the findings of  Micheal Cremo  that there is archeological evidence of the use of  WMD, weapons of Mass Destruction perhaps 15,000 years ago.  Cremo is an American freelance researcher known as a Vedic creationist and an "alternative archeologist".  His book Forbidden Archeology holds that humans have been on the earth for millions of years.
Cremo’s team worked in tandem with India’s leading archeologist, Dr. S R Rao, working on Mahabharatan sites. Time tracking with thermoluminenscence dating methods with Radio carbon isotopes, that offer accuracy dating back billions of years, was done on various archeological finds.
The Vedas often turned out to be an accurate resource when they stripped down to the bare facts of the story of Mahabharata, from the initial incident to the war that ended of the descendants of Pandu and Dhrithrastra.
Michael Cremo focused on sites at Indraprasta, the Pandav showcase capital, Hastinapura, the Kuru seat and Kurusethra, the battle ground.   The evidence was stunning.  Moorland at Kurukshetra bore no vegetation, reminiscent of residual radioactive contamination caused by large-scale thermonuclear explosions, according to a thermonuclear expert, Dr. Inderjit.
A free translation of the Vedic context reads  "the heroic Arjuna seated in a Vimana, landed in the water, then lifted the Gandiva to launch an arrow that could simultaneously release the flame shining brightly over enemy territory and  surround the enemy with great power. Arriving at target, the  arrow formed a thick shadow-like giant mushroom over the Kauravas. That weapon created a storm of fire with an explosion followed by toxic dust (radioactive). "
 “Total darkness made enemy dysfunctional as a powerful wind storm began to blow wuuus .. wuuus, with  burning sand. It was as if the sky fell and broke up the earth. Meanwhile the sun seemed to be swaying, red-hot air emitting awful sounds, with the shaking of the earth.”
"Over a vast area, countless died, burnt and deformed. Rivers dried, killing fish, shrimp and other marine animals. When the arrow (rocket) exploded, the thunder sound felled enemy soldiers like charred tree trunks.
UNICEF and the NASA Landsat Satellite images helped to broaden and deepen the study, with images focused on the upper Ganges.    Archaeologists found charred debris of remnants of stone buildings. Pieced together indicted large stone with uneven protruding and concave surfaces. Testing on stones has shown that they need a minimum temperature of 1,800 degrees C to melt! Usually impossible, except in event of nuclear radiation. Primitive jungles of India yielded more such charred ruins.
More surprising was the discovery of similar radiated stones in ancient Babylon, the Sahara Desert and the Gobi Desert in Mongolia.

Were Hiroshima and Nagasaki of World War II vintage actually the first?

Monday, November 14, 2016

Pre-caste Indian society

Were the people of the Harappan Civilization (HC) Dravidians or Indo-Aryans? Archeologists and scholars are divided over conclusions from the study of the bones and skulls found at various Harappan civilization (HC) sites that extend over western and northwestern India and adjoining areas in Pakistan.
Questions surround the political status of the HC. The concept of a ‘state’ is generally accepted to have a centralized economy and leadership, with a hierarchically ranked social system.  But the HC covered a large degree of regional diversity. Evidences of a single state concept are usually palaces, temples and differentiated burial sites – All absent in the HC sites, pointing to city-states surrounded by rural hinterlands. Exchange was the key to social organization, given booming, surprisingly well-organized trade with other countries.
One 2008 study mapped the movement of raw materials to Harappa; that would be converted into items of popular use, such as jewelry etc., among the top exports from the ports.   The jury is still out on the HC’ long history of food production and trade; the corollary may be that it triggered off urbanization as large quantities of food and other crops for exchange were produced.  That led to climate change. But, reasons for such regional changes are usually more complex.
The people were divided into 4 classes:  the learned classes of priests, physicians, astrologers etc. Recovery of swords from what appear to be watchmen’s quarters and ancient fort walls, point to the warrior class to protect the people.  Artisans and traders formed a third class of commercial persons, carpenters, weaver, goldsmiths, shell workers, engravers etc., followed by manual labor and working class folk.
This division later transformed into the Vedic caste system of India, with Brahmins, Kshtriyas, Vaisyas and Shudras, that evolves even today. Before it solidified, caste underwent dramatic changes, with each influx of emigrants over the Himalayas. They came, saw and conquered --- only to submerge themselves in the larger Indian populaces. Today it would be hard to configure original bloodlines.
Four castes grew to literally thousands of castes and sub castes.  How could that happen in a solidified system? Shows that despite khap panchayats and honor killings, inter caste marriage and profession based castes are as old as the hills. Even Rishis married into different castes, didn’t they?
A very today example of how castes multiply: a Sindhi who married a Punjabi.  The children called themselves Panglo-Sindhi.  The eldest married a man with Sindhi-Parsi parents.  What are their children?   One son married a Kashmiri and another a young woman of Gujarati-Sindhi parentage.   How many new combinations does that create?

Ironically, caste that later drew so much derision from European writers was replicated in Europe in Feudal times.   Kings represented gods, kept priests and warriors squabbling, both inter and intra, with the 3rd and 4th classes of trade guilds and serfs.  A casual study of European history would mean a lot of laughs at those historians

Saturday, October 08, 2016

ANCIENT TRADE GIANT


Can you believe this:  in the days of the Harappan ports, India was exporting not only fresh fruits, but also pickled fruits and vegetables to Oman!!            
Imagine the heights reached by those culinary masters in food preservation techniques that ghee, and pickles from vegetables and fruits grown in such abundant quantity to make pickles could withstand the long journey from kitchen to ports; across the Indian Ocean, to be traded further on too and still last in the household for enough length of time. Who would buy pickle that went rancid within weeks of reaching your home?
Since Time Immemorial, India exported surpluses and fabled crafted products, first overland with camel / donkey caravans to the Middle East and beyond.   Later as ship making perfected, consignments of goods floated west from the Malabar Coast, Kerala and new markets in the Far East and China from the Comorin coast, Tamil Nadu… uncountable centuries before the Europeans landed, the British happened and finally drained our economy.
Why was Ancient India so popular with the entire world at that time, known or unknown to the White Man?
Apart from the abundant variety she offered, it was the organized systems that enabled regular shipments.  When overland routes were overtaken by political strife en route, as common then as now, the sea routes became dependable:  the northeast monsoon winds would push sails from the Red Sea in May-June; southeasterly winds took over in August for the return journey; trade covered the Makran coast and port cities of Mesopotamia. Overland trade happened after the monsoon rains.
Excavations and research offered more details.  From the number of Indus artifacts unearthed in Oman, it is surmised that perhaps it was the major trading partner.
Trade relies on dependability.  Cubic weights were of banded chert or other patterned stone.  The largest weight found at Mohenjodaro is 10,865 grams. Starting from the smallest, weights would be doubled 1 : 2 : 4 : 8 :16 : 32 : 64 then going to 160; then in decimal multiples of 16 when the next largest weights have a ratio of 160, 200 and 320. The next set consists of 1600, 3200, 6400, 8000 and 12,800.      Measures consisted of a cubit (52 cm) and the long foot (33.5 cm).
Barter system meant reciprocal exchanges of goods for services; there must have been some sort of agreed upon system of standardization for the cubical stone weights.   Possibly use of smaller ones for taxation.
A study of the list of imports and exports leads to an inescapable conclusion:  that craftsmanship was advanced. A variety of raw metals, apart from gold and silver and precious stones would pour into our ports.  Apart from sheer trade, much would later exit in the form of an awesome variety of ornaments, jewelry and other products that laid the foundation of India’s reputation as the Fabled Land of milk and honey. 
What modern products of technical excellence have we added to that repertoire is a question we must ask ourselves.


Monday, September 12, 2016

ANCIENT INDIA IN ITALY AND IN PERU

How far back in Time do India’s connections with outside the subcontinent go?    Very difficult to compute when one considers that the Precursor to the Roman civilization knew about the Ramayan!!

A long held mystery sketch From Etruscia recently had Indologists very excited over a possible interpretation:  that it could conceivably be a representation of the two queens of Dasrath, Kaushalya and Kaikeyi sharing portions of the payasam with Sumitra.   Does that sound very far-fetched?
What about the story of the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus, offspring of a divine father who were raised by a she-wolf?   Etymologists find a startling resemblance between the Sanskrit words for ‘Rishi’ and ‘Vriki’, sage and she-wolf, making it perhaps the story of Luv and Kush?
Western Italy was home to a seafaring nation, the Etruscans whose superior cultural exploits by intentionally obliterated by the barbaric Romans who rose in 300 B.C.   
Mysterious surviving fragments of artifacts reveal insights of the amount of interaction between the India of the Epics and the Etruscans, with Indian influences even in the styles of clothing, jewelry and even dancing.  Un-deciphered inscriptions can be identified with episodes that abound with the names of Dasrath, Hanuman, Sugreev and even Devki Nandan Krishna in their tales, their sculpted works and sketches.   Features of the Etruscan men and women show especially large eyes like Indian ones and distinctly Asian attire with a sari-like garment that covered the head – perhaps later fashioned into the Roman togas.

In common with other ancient civilizations, the Etruscans also cremated their dead.  The burial process was a post Christian development that came along with the rejection of so-called pagan customs by the newly minted Christians converts.

Much like our traditional building practices, Etruscans temples stood elevated, rising over series of steps for the faithful to rise up to witness the glory of the Lord;  and the their homes were built around a central courtyard that offered fresh air and ventilation, just like our own traditional homes used too.




Etruscan jewellery too seems to have borrowed from and much influenced by the Indian civilization.




Further Indian connections are available more than halfway across the world from Italy, in Peru in western South America. There, the shamans, the traditional healers or medicine men brewed specialized infusions, using recipes and ingredients again startlingly similar to those we are so proud of in our ancient medical repertoire.
Amazonian basil is a South American basil used to prepare infusions for “Ayuhuasca” rituals. This word is often translated as ‘ the vine of the soul’ or ‘the vine of the dead’. 
These infusions enhance  connect with the spiritual world in much the way that Soma-rasa and Amrit-rasa were regarded as elixirs of spiritualism, not to be used as intoxicants.   One of the ingredient herbs is Justicia Pectoralis, known in Sanskrit as ‘vasaka’, again well known to us.

In India, ‘Ayuhuma’ is known as ‘parusa’ or ‘neel parna’ or ‘naga linga’. Ayurveda recognized its antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic and analgesic qualities. Naga linga trees, associated with Lord Shiva are planted in Shiva temples.