Monday, August 15, 2016

Ancient India in Isreal

Poor India! at the mercy of recurring invasions over centuries, say  history textbooks. Our ancestral infighting unable to hold them back, waves of invaders married into already intermarried locals, creating the innumerable castes inflicting us today.
Let’s look through another prism. Why did they come here? For riches!
Since Time Immemorial, India’s artisans produced luxury items, utility plus beauty. Trade was lucrative for everyone. Hence the invasions.
Everyone wanted The Golden Goose.
Indian culture left its impact while earning riches. First Israel.  Canaan or Phoenicia was modern Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Israel. Also believed to be ancient homeland of Chitpavan Brahmans.
Spell it with a ‘K’, it becomes a cognate of Kanana / Kanha.  One of Israel’s largest rivers, Kishon flows in the Jezreel / Yezreel Valley – sounds like our Kishan and Ma Yashoda?  
Close by are towns called Kanah and Ramah.  In the Judea province next door are two more towns called 'Ramathiam' and 'Ramah'.
The Sea of Galilee is also called Kinneret or Lake Gennesaret.  A harp-shaped lake, it caught the eye of Sanskrit etymologists. They opined 'sarat' (सरत्) means 'flowing', and 'ghana' indicated 'deep' or 'immense' amount of water. Maps of Israel reveal startling matches between the areas around Lake Ganeesaret and the Dal Lake in Srinagar, whose ancient name is also Maha-Sarit.
The more ancient 'Kinneret' comes from the Hebrew word 'kinnor' meaning 'harp'. In Sanskrit 'kinnar' (किन्नर) means 'heavenly music'. In the Ramayana the 'kinnars' are a heavenly race of men, always mentioned with 'apsaras'. 
Mt. Harmukh close by is believed to be cognate of Yarmouk, a tributary of River Jordon that flows through Lake Ganneesaret.
The Bethasaida also flows into the Gannesarat.  ‘V’ distorted becomes ‘B’, thus 'Vetasta' (वितस्ता), ancient name of the Jhelum that flows along the Dal Lake or MahaSarit.   River Jordan is a major feeder of Lake Genesserat. In Hebrew, Jordan means 'descend', possibly stemming from Sanskrit 'jhara' (झर)  'descending water' or 'waterfall'.
The Gospel of Matthew states that Jesus performed miraculous healing in the Genesar.   “[34] And having passed the water, they came into the country of Genesar.    [35] And when the men of that place had knowledge of him, they sent into all that country, and brought to him all that were diseased.   [36] And they besought him that they might touch but the hem of his garment. And as many as touched, were made whole. (Matthew 14:34-36).”
Ganesar? Ghanasara (घनसार)? Common derivation?
Stories abound of Jesus in India, both the 13-30 missing in the New Testament and post crucifixion. Classicists insist he spent those early years as a carpenter in Nazareth.  Others insist he travelled to hone his religious instincts at Eygpt, Jagannath Puri and Ladakh.
The post crucifixion story in German theologian, Holster Kirsten book is amazing. It affirms rebirth, explains how Jesus woke after three days. Then follows him through Turkey and India to settle at Srinagar. His tomb still exists at the Roza Bal Shrine.

The Ramayan’s Dasrath

The Ramayana depicts Dasrath as the father of the hero, Ram. He fell in love with his second wife Kaikeyi when she tended his wounds after a battle. Kaikeyi was a daughter of the Kaikay king or Caucasus, like the Mahabharat’s Gandhari was from Gandhar, modern day Kandahar.
The word Dasrath would mean a small ruler with just ten chariots. As such, he could not afford a large bride price, but had offered to make their son his successor. Thus Dasrath’s agonising dilemma could have been his devotion to his eldest Ram vs. his promise, rather than the demands of a scheming wife.
Many historians find timing contradictions. The Aryans came south around 800 BC. That places the Ramayan much later or locates it in outside peninsular India?   Perhaps the reason for no archeological evidence of the Ramayan locales, as happened in the Mahabharat’s case?
Names of people and places were often common in different places, as people and their stories shift base.  Spellings and pronunciations evolve, so different sounds can be etymologically similar.  Today of course, the names remain the same like the new cities that sprang up in America, named after older English or European ones.
Is it possible for some of the events of the Ramayan to have occurred elsewhere than Ayodhya on the banks of River Sarayu?  Remember: Ayodhya was Oudh in Buddha’s days.
Where to look for Ayodhya and Sarayu? Around Kaikeyi’s home lands?
In present Turkmenistan and Kirghizstan, there is a River Syr Darya, north of the Pamirs (old time Meru?).  Close by is the capital city, Andijan, phonetically close to Ayodhya.   To its east is Kashi (Kashgar); west is Samarkand known as  Markanda in the Puranas, so named by the Macedonian Alexander.  Samarkand is one of the oldest inhabited cities in Central Asia, on the Silk Route between China and Rome.
Other researchers point to Heray Rud i.e. Herat river. It flows 1,100 kilometers from the Hindu Kush mountains of Afghanistan to Turkmentistan, where it disappears in the Kara-Kum desert. Rud means "river" in Persian.   The Ancient Greeks called it Arius and Romans the Tarius.
200 kilometres (120 mi) upstream from Heart, at the confluence of Herayrud and river Jam stands the Minaret of Jam, the second tallest ancient minaret in the world at 65 metres (213 ft). The river serves as the border between Afghanistan and Iran, and between Iran and  Turkmenistan, at different places.  
The Rigveda records the Hereyrud as the River Sarayu.[3] It is mentioned as the Horayu in the Avesta. In 2008, archeologists unearthed a Buddhist monastery dasting back to the 1st century, hand-carved into a bluff of the Hereyrud, offering glimpses of the monks’ daily lives.

Until the USSR dissolved, Kyrgystan and Tajikistan supplied water of Amu Darya and Syr Daryu to Kazakhstan, Turkmentan and Uzbekistan in summers. The swap was for coal, gas and electricity in winter for the two givers in summer.  Would our quarreling river states could work out such a deal for the benefit of all.